It is cyclone season in the South Pacific, the weather is unstable, and Grey Wolf may win the weather lottery. The recent spate of tropical storms is creating the possibility of a very quick, relatively easy trip. The key is her ability to maintain a fast average boat speed. This allows her to take advantage of the good, which includes some fast (and fun) surfing, and minimize the bad.
South Pacific weather guru Bob McDavitt’s – www.metbob.com – comments and weather routing follow:
Situation and comments:
There is a trough lurking off to NE of Northland, throwing showers at Northland and SE winds for starters.
Thanks to my SKYPE call with Steve last week, I think it a good idea to deviate north of the direct path and, rather than taking those ESE winds at the start almost head-on, put them on starboard around 45deg (another option is to delay to Monday). This will likely take us thru showers for the first day or so, but they are not expected to be squally.
By Monday (NZ date) you should move into the outer perimeter of the remains of TC MIKE– far enough away from it thanks to our delayed start so as NOT to get its 5 metres swells.
We can ride in its tail winds for a quick trip–on Wednesday it is replaced by a southern Ocean Low, and on Thursday UTC/Wednesday local the cold front belonging to that low should cross over us, not much impact on the wind.
This is followed by a W to SW flow on Friday UTC. On Saturday UTC/Friday local you should be encountering the light winds of the subtropical ridge (it is north of its normal position).
After that I run out of data and we need an update.
In the outlook table there may be a Northerly wind at 30S 150W, knocking us NW briefly, then light winds to Papeete, but that’s just a first guess thrown in so an ETA can be guessed.
I am using www.expeditionmarine.com for routing with latest Oceanic and GFS data output. VPP is for motoring using the Polars Steve sent me.
DISCLAIMER: weather is a mix of pattern and chaos. The real world unravels away from the model output shown here. Computer data does NOT do well near a coast or in a trough. In a convergence zone computer gives averaged-out light winds, but occasional squalls can deliver 30 knots for 30 minutes. If your baro strays away from target pressure more than 5 hPa the forecast needs updating.
Background small arrows are surface current (not much).
Blue/green shading is rain.
2 and 3 lines are boundaries of 2 and 3 significant metre wave height.
1012 line is an isobar.
Grid of larger arrows shows coloured wind barbs.
Red arrows along path show winds forecast along the way.
One barb is 10 knots and half is 5. Purple lines are upper air flow.
The first waypoint is a requirement of Peter Watson’s insurance carrier. What is happening is that the southeast trade winds, which Grey Wolf would normally have to fight as headwinds, are forecast to be blocked by the tropical system, and replaced by favorable westerly quadrant winds from the clockwise low pressure circulation of tropical cyclone Mike’s remnants. Grey Wolf is hoping to surf over the top of the low center (remember, weather goes the opposite direction in the southern hemisphere). There is another low projected to form further south and east with a circulation pattern coincident with Mike’s flow. But that is a long way off timewise. If it does occur, there is a chance – Bob says one in ten – of the two low centers combining to create a major storm system. There are several considerations here:
- The typical path for these systems is southeast, so moving away from the theoretical position of Grey Wolf.
- The “escape” route for Grey Wolf is to keep the wind on her starboard quarter so the winds push her away from the more intense winds of the center. This happens to be the direction they are headed if they go direct to Tahiti.
- Speed, and the ability to surf under control, are a key to minimizing their risks.
Steve asked me to see what a direct voyage to Papeete departing Whangarei around 1pm Sunday may look like without that Insurance waypoint.
Here it is, with surrounding weather as at Friday 28 March 1200UTC.
PROS: Shorter and faster, saves around 12 hours over 10 days = 5% quicker over all.
CONS: Goes thru the Southern Cooks, and they have the highest risk of nasty weather at this time of the year.
Map shows a small low may form in that region on Fri/Sat UTC, so risk increase is around 10% (as an estimate).
Also this path deviates from the Insurance waypoint, so you might need their prior permission to use it and maintain Insurance cover.
Right now the risk factors favor the easterly route. Bob and the crew of Grey Wolf will be watching weather development carefully. Once they depart, the key issue will be moving quickly. Speed is their friend, reduces risks, and gives them the ability to stay out of trouble, and to take advantage of short term favorable conditions. With a dose of luck, and high average speeds, Grey Wolf and her crew have a ticket that just might win the weather lottery.